Monday, September 23, 2019

Taking care of Senior Horses

September 23, 2019 0 Comments
In this article I might want to impart to you some helpful data about how to appropriately take care of a senior steed. A decent companion of mine, Jade, has a steed who is thirty one years of age and she has had him for more than a quarter century! Subsequent to seeing her only two or three days prior I felt that it is extraordinary to share a portion of my perceptions about what Jade looks like after her steed.

The first and one of the more significant things that you have to know and do is that you must separate your senior pony from other, a lot more youthful partners. Above all else, more established steeds are frequently not at the highest point of the pecking request and they can't brush and bite as quick as their more youthful allies. You should isolate your senior steed and give him sufficient opportunity to be individually, so he could eat at his very own pace. This will probably keep steed's resolve high.

Furthermore, as our steeds get more established, they wear out their incisors making it exceptionally hard for senior ponies to touch. Ensuring that your pony's teeth are sound and solid ought to be one of your top needs, subsequently you ought to normally have your steed's teeth checked by an accomplished vet.

At last, I might want to prescribe you to enhance your steed's eating routine with a senior pony feed balancer constantly. As our steed's get more seasoned their stomach related frameworks are not filling in as viably as they used to. This implies senior steeds don't get the same number of supplements as their bodies need from their eating regimens.

What's more, as our steeds get more seasoned, their bones and joints get more fragile and it is significant for you to enhance your steed's eating routine with something that will bolster your steed's joints generally your steed may build up a genuine joint condition, for example, osteoarthritis.

This is the place senior pony feed balancers become possibly the most important factor. Steed feeds are stuffed with the majority of the fundamental nutrients and minerals that your old steed should be fit as a fiddle. They contain stomach related guides that expansion the supplement take-up. They are additionally stuffed with better than expected degrees of glucosamine, MSM and chondroitin which bolster your pony's joints. Glucosamine and MSM work in ideal cooperative energy with one another and they help in reestablishment of the connective tissue in and around your pony's joints. They additionally help in reestablishment of synovial liquid, joints' common ointment.

The fact of the matter I'm attempting to make here that it is significant for you to enhance your pony's eating regimen with a senior feed balancer.

Various Types of Feed Balancers That You Can Give To Your Horse

On the off chance that you have been riding ponies for quite a while or in the event that you are a hopeful pony rider, at that point you ought to see that it is so essential to enhance steed's eating regimen with a top notch feed balancer, especially during cold and wet a very long time of winter.

Grazing conditions are not ideal lasting through the year and they become especially poor during the long periods of December, January and February. Because of poor brushing conditions steeds don't get the same number of various supplements as their bodies need and this absence of nutrients and minerals in their eating regimen lead to a supplement insufficiency.

Steeds that experience the ill effects of supplement insufficiencies have more fragile insusceptible frameworks, implying that they can come down with different types of ailment a lot quicker, they lose their weight and condition, and as a rule they don't look in the same class as they do when they get enough nutrients and minerals.

This is the place balancers become an integral factor. Balancers are pressed with the majority of the basic nutrients and minerals that ponies need to remain fit as a fiddle, yet there are a variety of kinds of feed balancer definitions. There are feed balancers that are figured for ordinary ponies, there are balancers that are detailed for execution steeds and there are balancers that are planned for veteran steeds and in this article I might want to give you a concise depiction of various balancer definitions:

Balancers for execution ponies

The majority of the steeds that are associated with focused steed riding disciplines, be it dressage, showjumping or eventing, have high remaining tasks at hand and their bodies are continually under a great deal of strain and weight. This is the reason they need an excellent exhibition supplement that has better than expected supplement levels.

Balancers for veteran steeds

As our steeds get more seasoned, their bones and joints detoriate and get more fragile each and every year and the odds of creating maladies, for example, osteoarthritis increment drastically. To ensure that your pony's joints remain solid for whatever length of time that conceivable you should enhance your steed's eating regimen with a feed balancer for veteran ponies. Such feed balancers are stuffed with better than expected degrees of glucosamine and MSM which help in reestablishment of connective tissue in and around the joint.

Balancers for regular ponies

Regardless of whether your pony isn't associated with focused steed riding disciplines, regardless of whether your steed isn't exceptionally old, despite everything you should enhance your ponies diet with an ordinary feed balancer just to ensure that your steed gets the majority of the basic nutrients and minerals.

Tuesday, September 3, 2019

Write an essay: structure and tips

September 03, 2019 0 Comments
In this article you will learn how to write a good essay. In addition we describe you the correct structure and give you tips, so that the writing works well.

A good and detailed preparation enormously facilitates the subsequent writing of an essay. First, you should read through the task and find out what kind of essay it is (characterization, synopsis, interpretation ..).

 Afterwards you should consider, which information you need and read the given text several times thoroughly. Pay attention also to linguistic and stylistic means. Sometimes it also helps to mark the important places with a highlighter or to write out in a nutshell.

The construction of an essay
After getting an overview, think about what information belongs to which part. Each essay consists of an introduction, a main part and a trailer.

In the introduction, the type of essay and important data (author, year of publication) are mentioned and a short summary of the main text is written. This should not be too long, as the introduction only serves to arouse the interest of the reader and to motivate him to read on.

In the main part of everything is introduced, which appears to be important in content for each type of essay. These may be, for example, characterizations of actors / figures, interpretations of content or interpretations of important text passages. In addition, stylistic means should be listed and already analyzed.

In the final part is summarized again briefly what you have worked out in the main part. Here is also enough space for your own opinion. Nevertheless, the final part should not be too extensive.

Post processing:
After creating your essay, you should read this multiple times, with a focus on different characteristics, and thus correct spelling mistakes, incorrect wording and content errors. In addition, you should pay attention to a varied language and avoid redundancy. The sentence beginnings should not all be the same and the sentences should be kept relatively short.

Different types of essays
Content Information:
Contents summarize the key features of a text. Here you can orientate yourself to W-questions:

What are the main features of the text?
Who is mentioned?
Where does the action take place?
When does she play?
How do the individual protagonists behave?
Which events are related?

In interpretations, one tries to find out the meaning and meaning of a text. Not only is the text examined, but the rhetorical devices are emphasized and interpreted. At the same time one should always take into account the year of publication of the text and the historical and political environment of the author.

Tuesday, August 27, 2019

How do I write a good essay?

August 27, 2019 0 Comments

Hell, do you have to write an essay again? But you do not know how to tackle this? Then here you will find everything you need to write a good essay.

This is how you prepare yourself
Read the task. (Should you write a summary, a characterization, an interpretation, a discussion, etc.?)
Think about what information you need for your essay, such as: As author name, year of publication, etc. and search these out.
If you write your essay on a particular text, read it thoroughly several times.
Pay attention to abnormalities (eg rhetorical stylistic devices) and consider what meaning these could have.

Take note points while reading.
Now you can structure your keywords and everything else you want to write in your essay in a mind map.

How to structure your text
Before you start writing, think about what you want to write in the introduction, what should be in the main part, and what your ending should look like. Sort your keywords under the respective generic terms (introduction, main part, conclusion).

The Introduction
In the introduction, you should briefly consider what kind of essay it is (poetry interpretation, synopsis, etc.). In addition, the introduction contains a brief synopsis of the text you are discussing in the essay as well as important information (eg, the author and year of publication of the text). Make sure your introduction does not get too long. It should take only five to ten percent of the entire text.

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The main part
In the main part, you are dealing with everything that comes to mind for the prescribed task. You interpret and analyze the abnormalities, interpret important passages or characterize the figures. The main part should not yet contain your own opinion.

The conclusion
Summarize your findings of the main part in the closing section. In addition you may let your own opinion flow in here. Make sure that you do not present new results here that are not in the main part. The conclusion should be kept very short just like the introduction.

In a nutshell: how do you write an essay?
Introduction: type of essay, a short summary, author information and year of publication.
Main part: Analysis of abnormalities, interpretation of important passages or characterization of the figures.

Conclusion: insights of the main part, your own opinion.
This is how you prepare your essay
After writing your essay, you should read it calmly. Remove mistakes and think through unclear or unfortunate phrases. Also make sure that the text is written varied.

So you write varied
Avoid word repetitions! Search for synonyms for the recurring word. Write z. B. instead of "go" also once "stumble", "stomp", "run", "sneaking" etc.
Make sure the sentences do not always start the same!
Do not make the sentences too long! In long sentences like to hide mistakes and the text is unnecessarily complicated or boring.


Frequent essays
The summary
A summary is the summary of the main text content.
Important questions in a summary are z. B .:

Important questions in a summary are z. B .:
What are the most important events in the text?
Who are the main characters?
Where does the story take place?
When does the story take place?
How do the characters behave or think?
Which events are related?
The (poem) interpretation
An interpretation is an attempt to grasp the meaning and purpose of a text. Thus, in an interpretation not only the text is described, but also all linguistic and other abnormalities are analyzed. The date of origin of the text or the epoch (eg naturalism, storm and urge, romance, etc.) and the text form (eg novella, love poem, etc.) must not be ignored in the interpretation.

Important questions in an interpretation are z. B .:
Which linguistic means (eg metaphors, comparisons, color symbols, etc.) does the author use?
What does he want to do with the means?
What is unusual about the text?
Are there abnormalities in sentence construction, grammar, text structure, etc.?
From what point of view is it told? Is there a change of perspective?
The characterization
In a characterization a figure of a text is described. Here, not only the appearance of the figure is discussed, but everything that the text or a specific passage about the figure reveals. A statement about the figure is always filled with quotes from the text. At the conclusion of a characterization, the influence of the figure on the whole plot can be analyzed.

Important question in a characterization z. B .:
How is the external appearance of the figure described?
In which situation is the figure? What is the history of the figure? What social contacts does she have? And what social position?
How is the character treated by others and how does she deal with others?
How does the figure behave? Does it have habits or peculiarities?
Are there any abnormalities in the language of the figure? Does the language reveal something about the character?
What is the character interested in? What is she thinking? What problems does she occupy? What does the reader know about the feelings of the character?
What influence does society or the social position have on the behavior of the figure?

Monday, August 26, 2019

how to write an essay

August 26, 2019 0 Comments

This page offers a general approach to give you the tools to succeed in your well-argued Dalf C1 essay. 

This is the second test of written production, evaluated on  12 points (for a total of 25 points in written production) . You are usually asked to write a test of about 250 words (+ or - 10%) . The proposed theme is directly related to the above synthesis of documents.

The goal is to develop a personal thesis that answers the subject and your problem.
The theme is identified in the proposed subject, it is more or less targeted: society, ecology, trade, culture, fair trade, internet, television, equal opportunities.
The issue questions this theme: it is your own approach, your "angle of attack".
Your thesis answers your problem.

In general, the proposed topics are to write a letter (to the letters of the readers, to your mayor, the writing of a newspaper) or to participate in a forum. In your argument, unlike the summary of documents, you are asked to give your opinion, always with nuance. For this, you must preferably respect the following steps:


A step not to neglect. It is first of all to read the subject well. An evidence ? Not that much!

Let's take an example (invented) of subject:

"Your favorite magazine wonders about the use of bikes in the city: is it a passing fad or a sustainable phenomenon promised a great future? You participate in the forum of the site to express your opinion. You will write a clear and structured text of about 250 words. "

Theme: the means of transport in the city.
Reformulated issue: how can cycling today coexist with other means of transport?
Possible theses: for or against the interest of using the bike in town.

It's up to you to take a stand, to choose ONE point of view to convince your reader.


Let's say we opted for the defense of cycling in the city . It is desirable to build one's argumentative essay around some arguments:

- Cycling in the city is ecological.
- Cycling in the city is good for your health.
- Cycling in the city is economical.
- Cycling in the city is the future.

The goal is not to propose ALL arguments, but to identify 3 or 4 and illustrate them with examples from your experience, your reading, your knowledge of the news. In this case, for example, it would be a shame not to talk about the Parisian Vélib.


- Respect the courtesy formulas (especially for the letter).
- Introduction (a catchphrase and the reformulated issue).
- Structured development around your main arguments (about 200 words) without forgetting the logical connectors.
- Conclusion: to reaffirm your point of view.

Saturday, August 24, 2019

How to write an essay expository

August 24, 2019 0 Comments

What is an exposure test
Expository Essay is an informative essay that analyzes, examines and evaluates a subject. This essay can be written to identify cause-and-effect relationships, to compare and contrast two things, or to provide step-by-step instructions on how to achieve a particular goal. Whatever the purpose, the author must use a lot of evidence, statistics and facts.

How to write an essay expository
Step 1: Understand
The first step to take before writing the essay is to understand the subject. An explanatory essay could consist of comparing and contrasting two subjects, analyzing the causal relationship between two events, or explaining a process. For example, if you are given the subject "Social Media Corrupts the Spirit of the Young Generation", you must understand the purpose of the essay. Here, the purpose of the essay is to highlight the causes and effects.

Step 2: Brainstorming and Research
As mentioned above, an explanatory essay deals with many facts and figures. You must therefore research the subject and find relevant evidence and statistics. Before writing the essay, take some time to think about the areas of the topic you are going to address in the essay.

Step 3: Organize
Start your essay with a thesis statement. Briefly describe the context so that readers can understand what you are going to talk about. Then write a concise summary of the areas you will cover in the essay.

Divide the body of the essay into several paragraphs. Use each paragraph to discuss different aspects. For example, imagine that you are going to write an essay on "The Effects of Environmental Pollution" and that you write about the effects of water pollution, the effects of air pollution and the effects of soil pollution. Then you should use 3 paragraphs to describe these 3 areas. However, there should also be a clear and logical transition between the paragraphs. Always use a subject phrase in each paragraph to discuss each point. In summary, we can say that each paragraph must contain a subject sentence, supporting evidence, an analysis of evidence, and a transition.

The last paragraph should support the thesis and the main ideas to support it. You must not introduce new material into the conclusion.

Tips for writing a presentation
First, understand the subject and decide which method you will use.
Do a thorough research if you are not familiar with the subject.
If you are writing on an academic subject, always use a direct and academic language; do not use a literary language.
Always provide solid facts, evidence to support your arguments.
Write in a logical and analytical way.
Use a neutral and objective tone.
Make sure there is a good run between the paragraphs.
Use words and transition phrases. (Example:  although it may be true, in the same way, with that intention, therefore, despite everything, etc. )
After finishing your essay, always check your writing. Make sure there are no grammatical or spelling mistakes.
Congratulations ! You are now ready to start writing YOUR essay essay.

Wednesday, August 21, 2019

Write A Test At DELF B2

August 21, 2019 0 Comments

After seeing an example of a letter , I propose to see how to write a test at Delf B2 . This article is from my written production guide Delf B2 .

What is a test?
An essay is a type of argumentative text where you have to express your personal opinion. It is an academic text that has no particular recipient (unlike the letter for example). It must include an introduction, a development in 2 or 3 parts and a conclusion.

Set point of the test
The subject I propose is about leisure, one of the most frequent topics in the delf B2 exam .

The benefits of reading are already known. Yet, a recent scientific study reveals a surprising discovery: reading books would make it possible to live longer. A decisive argument that could give young people a taste for reading! What do you think ?
You will express your personal opinion in an essay that is well-argued and constructed of about 250 words.

And here is the example of production that I propose to you.

Young people would read less and less and it would be absolutely necessary to give them a taste for reading. We will try on the one hand to remember its benefits. We will show on the other hand that the pleasure of reading has not disappeared, but that its fashions have changed.

The benefits of reading on studies are first and foremost obvious. A young person who reads enriches his knowledge. By developing his vocabulary, he improves his writing skills. In addition, the regular reader, since he learns to focus his attention, gets better grades.

In addition, reading is no less beneficial to health. We already know that it acts against stress. It allows to escape for a moment the anxieties of everyday life. It can also be said that by stimulating the brain, it delays the long-term effects of aging and is a way to fight effectively against Alzheimer's disease.

However, all these benefits would fade in the face of new media competition. It must be recognized that young people read fewer and fewer books. Video games and television series offer much more realistic and compelling ways of escape than novels. However, it can be seen that movie successes like Harry Potter can increase the purchase of novels, as it allows readers to extend the movie experience.

The arrival of a new media such as the internet and especially social networks could have made people fear the end of reading. But exactly the opposite happens: the user reads and writes a quantity of messages! As a result, reading has not decreased, but it has become more social. It is likewise more fragmented. Young people who still read books prefer to read them serialized, as shown by the success of apps that broadcast a chapter of romance a day.

In the end, it is incorrect to say that young people read less and that they should be given a taste for reading. They do not ignore the benefits, but their practices are changing rapidly. They probably read fewer books, but their exposure to writing has not decreased with new media, quite the opposite.

To you !
It's up to you now! You can write your essay (only on the subject presented in this article) and post it in a comment under this article . I will then give you tips to improve your text, if you need it.

How to write a good English essay and bluff the corrector?

August 21, 2019 0 Comments

The essay is an essential exercise of the competitions of the Grandes Ecoles de Commerce and that is why, in this article, I will give you some methodological advice to map this test. I will focus here on English but you can of course apply these tips for other languages.

Good to know
To succeed in this exercise, there are two important things to know. On the one hand, one must have an impeccable English, without fault of grammar or spelling. I said "have an impeccable English" and not have "an elaborate or even exceptional English". The mistake many candidates make is to want to pass on their ideas imperatively even if they can not do it right. This gives you homework with real content but gets a bad rating because it is not the most important content. You must only write on your copy what you have no doubt about in terms of grammar or spelling. The essay is an exercise where the form takes precedence over the content. To improve your language, I advise you to read newspaper articles every day on the internet. Do not waste your time with grammar exercises (even if they are still essential to have a solid foundation) because your brain, reading a lot of articles, will know intuitively if what you write is correct or not. During your readings, do not hesitate to take idiomatic turns that you can reuse (you will find lists in the next articles, start without me).

Structuring your essay
On the other hand, we must still produce organized work. For that, I will give you an applicable tip for each subject. From the introduction, you will present the thesis you are defending, that is to say your opinion on the subject. The essay is an exercise that requires taking a stand. Do not do it at the end, you have to do it from the beginning! The development, in 3 parts, can be summed up in 4 words: certainly, but, moreover. The first part "certainly" is a small concession that you will make to your thesis. The second part will present a strong argument (stronger than the small concession) to defend your thesis. The last part is an additional argument that will defend your thesis and allow you to push the point. The conclusion is classic:

Here is an example of an environmental experiment that received 16/20 to illustrate this method:

Topic: Do you think that recent international environmental policy actions are likely to halt global warming? (written around March 2017, original version)

"As each year sets new records as world temperatures change, climate change has become a burning issue for our century. Despite international commitments to put the brakes on this phenomenon, I will be able to demonstrate that such global initiatives are unlikely to succeed .

It is true to say that the 2015 COP 21 in Paris was, in a way, a success. At least fifty-five states, responsible for at least fifty-five percent of greenhouse gas emissions. Even the biggest polluters - China and the United States - ratified it, which gives hope regarding the global will to protect our environment.

However , it is not said that this country will implement policies efficiently enough to guarantee this 2-degree increase. Moreover, the environment does not seem to be any more than one of the countries of the world, or one of the most serious issues of our times. People tend to have short-term views on this problem, which they should foresee what might affect future generations on Earth.

Furthermore , some people even think that human actions could have any effect on climate change. Very few scientists are skeptical about the way mankind progressively harms its environment. That does not prevent President-elect Donald Trump from having in his cabinet change-deniers, though. If those in charge do not believe in ecological solutions, the situation becomes critical.

At the end of the day , the political political situation only allows pessimism regarding climate change. Global policy-makers, profit-driven, profitable investment on investment. "

Some additional lessons that you can learn from reading this essay: the knowledge used to write this assignment is very common and even banal. It is therefore useless to follow the news like a madman to write a very good essay. What is striking is the precision of the vocabulary and the use of "rare" words. Hence the interest of making a small personal directory.

Hoping that this will be helpful to guide your work in modern languages ??and writing your essay.

Tuesday, August 20, 2019

What does it take to write an essay?

August 20, 2019 0 Comments

Writing an essay is first and foremost about answering a question and expressing your opinion by arguing and giving examples.

There are three main parts in an essay: Introduction - Development - Conclusion

Before writing
In case you have to clear the problematic of a text or an image, choose a question that will not put you in difficulty. It is often easier to answer a closed question than an open question. At least, the plans will be different.

Here are issues and corresponding plans.


Should we ban the e-cigarette?

Can we always choose our profession?

Should television be allowed to children under three years old?

Is the cigarette dangerous?

Why are not more schools imposing the uniform?

How to prevent teens from drinking too much alcohol in the evening?




Theme 1 - Theme 2 (- Theme 3)

Once the problem and the type of plan are defined, you must look for your arguments and examples.

Examples can be taken in your daily life, your personal experiences, your general culture, ....

The examples can be illustrative, that is to say placed after the argument or argumentative, that is to say placed before or superimposed on the argument.

If you can not clearly explain your argument, it is that it is not good.

Essential ideas



First part










Second part










(Third part)









The organization of your essay must be very clear. It's about seeing the different parts of the essay before you even read it.


Part 1

Part 2


Write the introduction
This one must be simple and clear. These are the first sentences read by readers, so you must lay the foundations of your development without revealing your opinion. It is composed of three parts.

Bring the subject
= A sentence presenting the theme in its context.

The problem
= The question you have chosen during your reflection. You can ask the question directly or use the indirect speech : We can then ask ourselves if / why / how ...

Announce Plan
= Tell your readers the thread of your thinking so they can follow your development. It is better - because less academic - to announce the plan indirectly, asking questions, articulating a sentence so that the plan emerges. However, if it sounds too complicated, write several sentences outlining your plan with logical articulators.

É describe development
There must be a balance in the parts of your development, so you should take care to find roughly the same number of arguments for your parties at your reflection. Your development must be organized. For this, the use of logical links is essential.

As a reminder, here are usable connectors depending on what you want to express.

What I want to do …

How can I do it ...

State the first argument

First ; First of all ; In the first place ; First ; To begin ; Let's start with

Add another argument

Then; Furthermore ; In addition ; Secondly ; Otherwise ; On the other hand ; And; Let's continue by

State the last argument

Finally ; Finally; To finish ; Finally

Give an example

That is to say ; For example ; Such as ; Especially ; So ; As ; To illustrate

Explain / Clarify

In other words ; In other words; As for; Indeed ; Mean ; Explain; specify


But; However; On the other hand ; On the contrary ; While ; While ; Unlike; On the other hand ; Instead of ; Oppose ; Prohibit


Certainly ; However ; However ; However; Gold ; It is true ; Except ; Even if ; unless ; Although ; Despite

Express the cause

Because ; Because ; given that ; Especially as; because of ; Thanks to ; Because of ; For ; following ; Came from ; To have cause ; Result of

Express the consequence

So ; Therefore ; Consequently ; That is why ; So ; So that ; In order to; So that ; So that ; Whereby ; So that; So that ; For ; In view of; Lead to ; To train; Provoke; To father; Cause

Separate / Set aside

Or ; Or or ; Or ; Either ... either; Either ... or that; On one side, on the other ; On the one hand, on the other hand ; Sometimes ... sometimes; Except that ; Except; Except ; Without; Except; Apart from


So ; Similarly; As ; As ; In the same way as ; Such as ; As well as ; According to To compare to ; To be comparable to; Looks like ; Remember, Get closer to; parallel to


In conclusion ; To conclude ; In the end; In sum; So

You can give your opinion throughout the essay, but also in the conclusion.

É write the conclusion
Just like the introduction, the conclusion is very important because they are the last sentences read by readers. It is composed of three parts.

Answer the problem
= summarize the important points that have been said without repeating them.
Give your opinion
= This can be decided or nuanced. The reader knows that everything is not all black or white, he does not necessarily expect a strong position, but arguments and examples that have allowed him to expand his thinking on the subject. Expanding the subject
= One reflection often leads to another, so you can open the same topic by pointing it to another direction.

Check the consistency of your essay.

? Make sure that the ideas are connected in a logical way.

? Make sure to eliminate repetitions of words, but also and especially ideas.

? Be careful not to contradict yourself.

Avoid clichés and phrases.

Avoid neutrality. You can be tolerant and indicate your tolerance. On the other hand, you can not be neutral and say "I do not care"; "I do not have an opinion," ...

You need help or support to prepare your DELF or your DALF, contact me to take diploma courses or to ask me a question!

This is how you write the conclusion of an essay

August 20, 2019 0 Comments

o what is the purpose of a conclusion? The young faces of my students from grade seven stare at me with an empty look. While looking for a sign of life, I am reminded of a conversation with my thesis advisor, in which he described the same expression on the faces of his students when he was writing. "

“Finally, a soft voice breaks the silence: Um ... to summarize what you said in the essay ?

"Yes alright. That is what many of you have learned, and there is a reason for that. But, I say with a shy smile, how many of you have experienced the following situation? You are struggling to find new words to say what you have said and think: This is stupid. I just said this. Why do I say it again? All the children are laughing. "

“But I don't understand, a student asks. If we don't have to summarize in a conclusion, what should we do? "

The above piece is what a teacher shared with us when we had a discussion about the conclusion of an essay.

This article answers the question asked by the student by explaining what the real purpose of an essay conclusion is and how you can write one. The approach presented in the article is specifically designed to apply to every topic of the essay and to be useful to anyone learning how to write a good essay ranging from high school and college students to university students and adults.

Let's start!

At primary school, most of us learned to write a conclusion by summarizing what we said in the essay. This is effective at the initial level of writing, because organizing our thinking in writing is new. Writing conclusions in this way gives beginning writers the chance to check the logic of their thinking and offers teachers an easy way to check for comprehension.

Although effective as a learning tool, it is not effective for writing. In real writing, summarizing in a conclusion is superfluous and boring at best. In the worst case, it can be offensive to your reader. Summarizing in a conclusion conveys one of the two messages:

I think my writing was confusing the first time, so I repeat it again.
You (the reader) are not smart enough to remember what I just said, so I will say it again.
Suffice it to say that neither of these things is likely to work very well.

Writing a conclusion essay

To make this discussion clear, an example conclusion is written in the "wrong way". This is written at the level that one could expect from a student in late high or early high school. However, these points are just as relevant for university students and adults. Because while the points they raise may be more nuanced and detailed, many still write conclusions that follow the same basic pattern.

Essay assignment:

Describe the major achievements of Abraham Lincoln during his presidency.

Response (conclusion only):

As you can see, Abraham Lincoln has achieved many great things during his time as President of the United States. He led the United States through the Civil War and prevented the country from falling apart. In the course of the war he signed the Emancipation Proclamation , with which he freed all African Americans in the United States from slavery. When it became difficult, he encouraged civilians and troops through speeches such as "The Gettysburg Address." And finally, as a political leader and military leader, he led in a way that emphasized wisdom through shared responsibility and discussion. Abraham Lincoln was without a doubt one of the greatest presidents of the United States.

The conclusion above mentions a large number of Abraham Lincoln's achievements during the Civil War, so it seems a pretty good conclusion. Unfortunately, this would only be a list of points that were mentioned in more detail earlier in the essay, so that it no longer adds any value to the essay.

Help your reader understand why your topic matters ...

So if summarizing in a conclusion is the wrong approach, then what is the right one? The answer lies in clearly understanding the true purpose of a conclusion. The main arguments and details of the subject you have written about have already been covered in the introduction and main text of the essay. The conclusion is your chance to show the reader why it is important to answer the question "So what?"

It is sometimes difficult for students to approach a conclusion this way because they rarely choose the subject they are writing about, so they may not really care why it is important. For them it is just a necessary task to get a good grade. However, the challenge for every good writer is to take the subject he / she gets (regardless of his / her own personal interest in it) and look for the deeper meaning it has - to answer the question: "So what?"

Write an essay conclusion

To answer this question, connect what you have written with something larger than the previous one. At the collegiate level, this is often done by linking what has been written to the work of others who have done similar work in the field, and explaining how it supports or challenges the ideas of other writers and thinkers. High and high school students - in addition to university students and adults who write outside of their specific fields of knowledge - often do not have enough background on the topics they write about to do this; they need an alternative.

The strongest, most universal way to approach this question is to link what you have written about with larger, more universal ideas. Relate what you have written to the universal human experience.

The universal human experience
When we put forward the idea of ??the universal human experience, we usually get the response: “Huh? What is that? ”Simply put: the universal human experience is the experience that all humanity has in common throughout time. To make this clearer, here is a list of various aspects of the universal human experience. The list is meant to give examples and is by no means comprehensive, but it must give you an idea.

Other great ideas
War peace
Old age
So, with these concepts in mind, define your conclusion as follows: What does what I have written about __________________ say? Fill in this void with one of the elements of the human experience listed above, or any other element that you can think of that seems appropriate.

Since the elements of the universal human experience are by definition universal to all people, you are sure that you will come up with a great idea that will make sense to your reader by following this approach. With this you show that you are able to connect what you have to say with a larger world. This is exactly what teachers and general readers are looking for in a good writer: can you show me why what you have written is important?

Conclusion essay writing tips

Practical tips for writing a strong conclusion
The basic structure of a strong conclusion is fairly simple. To clarify its form, we will discuss the layout of a single paragraph conclusion. This would be suitable for shorter articles of for example one to five pages. Larger documents may need more than one paragraph conclusion to discuss all the material, but the basic structure must remain the same.

The first sentence of your conclusion (or the first paragraph for larger documents) must state what you have written about in the newspaper so far. Essentially summarize in one sentence what the essay was about. Do not summarize it point by point. The rest of the section is then intended to connect the ideas presented so far with the great ideas of the universal human experience that are more directly relevant to the reader.

By writing your conclusion paragraph in this way, your readers will begin to see that you have the ability to follow and connect your opinion or what you have learned. All types of readers will notice a significant improvement in the quality of your writing, and they will begin to appreciate your thoughts and feelings. They will not only see why your essay matters, but also why you matter.

To make this discussion clear, we once again share an example conclusion that focuses on answering the question: “So what? This conclusion is also written from the perspective of a late high school or early college student. More advanced writers should follow the same approach with a deeper and more nuanced language.

Essay assignment:

Describe the major achievements of Abraham Lincoln during his presidency.

Response (conclusion only):

As you can see, Abraham Lincoln has achieved a lot during his presidency of the United States. Woven by each of his achievements, however, was a single theme - the theme of unity. He always sought, through his speeches and his leadership style, to strengthen the sense of unity among the people around him. He worked not only for the preservation of a divided country, but also for the preservation of the divided human spirit. As we struggle today with an increasingly global society, it may be useful to remember the actions and decisions and the life of this simple, humble man. Perhaps we should listen with a new kind of seriousness to those words that he not only honored in his most famous speech,

Essay conclusion writing tips

Learn to formulate conclusions that connect your ideas with what matters in the world and people will listen.

Monday, August 19, 2019

How to write an essay in English

August 19, 2019 0 Comments

Almost all exams in English and in the various competitions there is a job, according to which you must submit an essay to the jury and the evaluation committee. It is this work you need, characterize your observations, your view, your knowledge and your potential.

What is an essay? Essay - a prosaic work of a small amount and free composition, which sends individual experiences and points of view on a certain subject or topic. Initially your own essay is not positioned as a defining or exhausting treatment of the subject. This is simply a vision of your question, which is indicated by the theme of the essay.

How to write an essay in English? The essay can be written on the topic that you are offering, or on the free theme that you choose for yourself if the work does not strictly define the theme. If you have to write about a certain topic, there is no way around it - you must try to reflect their knowledge and look at this little piece of text! It seems to me that an essay on a topic of your choice is a bit easier, as in this case, you are free to decide which problem or problem you best understand, and to express their opinion in an appropriate form.

How to write an essay in English?
Answering the question "how to write an essay in English," it is worth recalling that each essay consists of different parts. I have identified three main introduction, main part and conclusion. The introduction must outline the key idea, idea or problem that you will speak in the greater part. Best of all, if it sounds like a short but concise statement complete. By the way, it can be a quote in English, if you can pick it up in accordance with the semantic content of the essay in English.

Most of the essay in English law presents arguments to prove or to refute your main thoughts that have expressed your personal opinion on this issue. There are examples that are illustrative of your position. When writing an essay in English or trying to avoid profound sentence book that will transform your boring job creation. In this case, the verifier can opt to read this work. It is better to use an easy to use, but at the same time good, competent quality English. Eat more adjectives and adverbs, but the main advantage of written English in this case - a synonym verbs and words in general. Your essay will be memorable, lexical and grammatical "beautiful." And yes, mistakes are not welcome!

Finally all your arguments and conclusions, which will be the final part of your essay in English, end. All essays must fit together smoothly, all thoughts must be logically linked. This will help you create a special vocabulary that exists to ensure that you consistently express their opinion.

For example, if you add words like use moreover (moreover more), as well as (as well as, and like), furthermore (besides the same). If you show a contrast or resistance of contact but (but), however (but), on the other hand (on the other), yet (even when already), on the contrary (in fact, quite the contrary, quite the contrary). Limit can be with words despite / in spite or (despite), expressing the cause or effect of something happening with the following language: therefore (so for this reason), so (so so), as a result(as a result of this so), consequently (so so), this results in (result), this leads to (succeed). Pay attention to the order and order of adverbs - then (later), next (and then next time), after ( finally ), finally / lastly .

The biggest problem in determining the key point is the inability of a short "how to write an essay in English", but skillfully expressing their thoughts. As a rule, we try, as they say, "spread the idea of ??the tree" or "pouring water". Here it is simply not necessary, because a large amount of useless information in your English essay will not be the dignity of your work, and it will be a disadvantage. If you are writing an essay is not an exam, and just be ready for everything, ask friends and family to read it and appreciate it. Sami also reread it several times to see if you made any semantic or grammatical mistakes, and in the presence of safely get rid of them.

And I suggest that you study the 11 tips for writing an essay in the article "How to write an essay in English" perfectly "11 lines".
There are plenty of books about writing essays in English. You can search on the material on the subject, available with tips and hints specialists. Examples of essays can be found at

All this will help you to develop the right tactics for writing an essay in English.

5 tips to write an essay

August 19, 2019 0 Comments

At the university you are thrown to death with it and also at the university it is no stranger: the essay. The essay consists of an introduction, middle section and end. Even though this sounds easy, it can be difficult to put this on paper. We therefore list five tips for you to write an excellent essay.

1. Immerse yourself in the subject
It is important to first read the topic. This way you do not have to look up information all the time while writing. This works a lot faster. Use different sources for this. Then you get to know the subject from different perspectives.

2. First create an outline
Many students think that it is faster to start writing immediately. However, the opposite is true. You give structure to your essay in the outline. For example, you write in catchwords what will appear in the introduction, the middle part and the ending. In this way you keep an overview and the writing runs smoothly.

3. Write the introduction last
It is best to write the introduction only when the rest of your essay is ready. Only then do you know what is really in the middle section and the conclusion!

4. Pay attention to your choice of words
Everyone has their own writing style where you often use the same words. Try to avoid this by, for example, looking up synonyms. You can check afterwards whether you have used the same words too often via the Word search option.

5. Show yourself
Your opinion is central to an essay. Therefore, really show it! Be careful with the use of 'me'. If you use this too much, it can seem self-centered.

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