Tuesday, August 20, 2019

This is how you write the conclusion of an essay



o what is the purpose of a conclusion? The young faces of my students from grade seven stare at me with an empty look. While looking for a sign of life, I am reminded of a conversation with my thesis advisor, in which he described the same expression on the faces of his students when he was writing. "

“Finally, a soft voice breaks the silence: Um ... to summarize what you said in the essay ?

"Yes alright. That is what many of you have learned, and there is a reason for that. But, I say with a shy smile, how many of you have experienced the following situation? You are struggling to find new words to say what you have said and think: This is stupid. I just said this. Why do I say it again? All the children are laughing. "

“But I don't understand, a student asks. If we don't have to summarize in a conclusion, what should we do? "

The above piece is what a teacher shared with us when we had a discussion about the conclusion of an essay.

This article answers the question asked by the student by explaining what the real purpose of an essay conclusion is and how you can write one. The approach presented in the article is specifically designed to apply to every topic of the essay and to be useful to anyone learning how to write a good essay ranging from high school and college students to university students and adults.

Let's start!

THE "WRONG WAY" TO WRITE AN ESSAY CONCLUSION
At primary school, most of us learned to write a conclusion by summarizing what we said in the essay. This is effective at the initial level of writing, because organizing our thinking in writing is new. Writing conclusions in this way gives beginning writers the chance to check the logic of their thinking and offers teachers an easy way to check for comprehension.

Although effective as a learning tool, it is not effective for writing. In real writing, summarizing in a conclusion is superfluous and boring at best. In the worst case, it can be offensive to your reader. Summarizing in a conclusion conveys one of the two messages:

I think my writing was confusing the first time, so I repeat it again.
You (the reader) are not smart enough to remember what I just said, so I will say it again.
Suffice it to say that neither of these things is likely to work very well.

Writing a conclusion essay

AN ESSAY-CONCLUSION EXAMPLE: THE "WRONG WAY"
To make this discussion clear, an example conclusion is written in the "wrong way". This is written at the level that one could expect from a student in late high or early high school. However, these points are just as relevant for university students and adults. Because while the points they raise may be more nuanced and detailed, many still write conclusions that follow the same basic pattern.

Essay assignment:

Describe the major achievements of Abraham Lincoln during his presidency.

Response (conclusion only):

As you can see, Abraham Lincoln has achieved many great things during his time as President of the United States. He led the United States through the Civil War and prevented the country from falling apart. In the course of the war he signed the Emancipation Proclamation , with which he freed all African Americans in the United States from slavery. When it became difficult, he encouraged civilians and troops through speeches such as "The Gettysburg Address." And finally, as a political leader and military leader, he led in a way that emphasized wisdom through shared responsibility and discussion. Abraham Lincoln was without a doubt one of the greatest presidents of the United States.

The conclusion above mentions a large number of Abraham Lincoln's achievements during the Civil War, so it seems a pretty good conclusion. Unfortunately, this would only be a list of points that were mentioned in more detail earlier in the essay, so that it no longer adds any value to the essay.

THE "RIGHT WAY" TO WRITE AN ESSAY CONCLUSION
Help your reader understand why your topic matters ...

So if summarizing in a conclusion is the wrong approach, then what is the right one? The answer lies in clearly understanding the true purpose of a conclusion. The main arguments and details of the subject you have written about have already been covered in the introduction and main text of the essay. The conclusion is your chance to show the reader why it is important to answer the question "So what?"

It is sometimes difficult for students to approach a conclusion this way because they rarely choose the subject they are writing about, so they may not really care why it is important. For them it is just a necessary task to get a good grade. However, the challenge for every good writer is to take the subject he / she gets (regardless of his / her own personal interest in it) and look for the deeper meaning it has - to answer the question: "So what?"

Write an essay conclusion

To answer this question, connect what you have written with something larger than the previous one. At the collegiate level, this is often done by linking what has been written to the work of others who have done similar work in the field, and explaining how it supports or challenges the ideas of other writers and thinkers. High and high school students - in addition to university students and adults who write outside of their specific fields of knowledge - often do not have enough background on the topics they write about to do this; they need an alternative.

The strongest, most universal way to approach this question is to link what you have written about with larger, more universal ideas. Relate what you have written to the universal human experience.

The universal human experience
When we put forward the idea of ??the universal human experience, we usually get the response: “Huh? What is that? ”Simply put: the universal human experience is the experience that all humanity has in common throughout time. To make this clearer, here is a list of various aspects of the universal human experience. The list is meant to give examples and is by no means comprehensive, but it must give you an idea.

Emotions
Relationships
Lifecycle
Other great ideas
Love
Maternity
Birth
War peace
Fear
Paternity
Growth
Power
Hate
Brotherhood
Death
Weakness
Luck
Sisterhood
Youth
Prejudices
Sadness
Friendship
Old age
Passion
Enmity
Selfless
So, with these concepts in mind, define your conclusion as follows: What does what I have written about __________________ say? Fill in this void with one of the elements of the human experience listed above, or any other element that you can think of that seems appropriate.

Since the elements of the universal human experience are by definition universal to all people, you are sure that you will come up with a great idea that will make sense to your reader by following this approach. With this you show that you are able to connect what you have to say with a larger world. This is exactly what teachers and general readers are looking for in a good writer: can you show me why what you have written is important?

Conclusion essay writing tips

Practical tips for writing a strong conclusion
The basic structure of a strong conclusion is fairly simple. To clarify its form, we will discuss the layout of a single paragraph conclusion. This would be suitable for shorter articles of for example one to five pages. Larger documents may need more than one paragraph conclusion to discuss all the material, but the basic structure must remain the same.

The first sentence of your conclusion (or the first paragraph for larger documents) must state what you have written about in the newspaper so far. Essentially summarize in one sentence what the essay was about. Do not summarize it point by point. The rest of the section is then intended to connect the ideas presented so far with the great ideas of the universal human experience that are more directly relevant to the reader.

By writing your conclusion paragraph in this way, your readers will begin to see that you have the ability to follow and connect your opinion or what you have learned. All types of readers will notice a significant improvement in the quality of your writing, and they will begin to appreciate your thoughts and feelings. They will not only see why your essay matters, but also why you matter.

AN ESSAY-CONCLUSION EXAMPLE: THE "RIGHT WAY"
To make this discussion clear, we once again share an example conclusion that focuses on answering the question: “So what? This conclusion is also written from the perspective of a late high school or early college student. More advanced writers should follow the same approach with a deeper and more nuanced language.

Essay assignment:

Describe the major achievements of Abraham Lincoln during his presidency.

Response (conclusion only):

As you can see, Abraham Lincoln has achieved a lot during his presidency of the United States. Woven by each of his achievements, however, was a single theme - the theme of unity. He always sought, through his speeches and his leadership style, to strengthen the sense of unity among the people around him. He worked not only for the preservation of a divided country, but also for the preservation of the divided human spirit. As we struggle today with an increasingly global society, it may be useful to remember the actions and decisions and the life of this simple, humble man. Perhaps we should listen with a new kind of seriousness to those words that he not only honored in his most famous speech,

Essay conclusion writing tips

Learn to formulate conclusions that connect your ideas with what matters in the world and people will listen.



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