Tuesday, August 20, 2019

What does it take to write an essay?

Writing an essay is first and foremost about answering a question and expressing your opinion by arguing and giving examples.

There are three main parts in an essay: Introduction - Development - Conclusion

Before writing
In case you have to clear the problematic of a text or an image, choose a question that will not put you in difficulty. It is often easier to answer a closed question than an open question. At least, the plans will be different.

Here are issues and corresponding plans.


Should we ban the e-cigarette?

Can we always choose our profession?

Should television be allowed to children under three years old?

Is the cigarette dangerous?

Why are not more schools imposing the uniform?

How to prevent teens from drinking too much alcohol in the evening?




Theme 1 - Theme 2 (- Theme 3)

Once the problem and the type of plan are defined, you must look for your arguments and examples.

Examples can be taken in your daily life, your personal experiences, your general culture, ....

The examples can be illustrative, that is to say placed after the argument or argumentative, that is to say placed before or superimposed on the argument.

If you can not clearly explain your argument, it is that it is not good.

Essential ideas



First part










Second part










(Third part)









The organization of your essay must be very clear. It's about seeing the different parts of the essay before you even read it.


Part 1

Part 2


Write the introduction
This one must be simple and clear. These are the first sentences read by readers, so you must lay the foundations of your development without revealing your opinion. It is composed of three parts.

Bring the subject
= A sentence presenting the theme in its context.

The problem
= The question you have chosen during your reflection. You can ask the question directly or use the indirect speech : We can then ask ourselves if / why / how ...

Announce Plan
= Tell your readers the thread of your thinking so they can follow your development. It is better - because less academic - to announce the plan indirectly, asking questions, articulating a sentence so that the plan emerges. However, if it sounds too complicated, write several sentences outlining your plan with logical articulators.

É describe development
There must be a balance in the parts of your development, so you should take care to find roughly the same number of arguments for your parties at your reflection. Your development must be organized. For this, the use of logical links is essential.

As a reminder, here are usable connectors depending on what you want to express.

What I want to do …

How can I do it ...

State the first argument

First ; First of all ; In the first place ; First ; To begin ; Let's start with

Add another argument

Then; Furthermore ; In addition ; Secondly ; Otherwise ; On the other hand ; And; Let's continue by

State the last argument

Finally ; Finally; To finish ; Finally

Give an example

That is to say ; For example ; Such as ; Especially ; So ; As ; To illustrate

Explain / Clarify

In other words ; In other words; As for; Indeed ; Mean ; Explain; specify


But; However; On the other hand ; On the contrary ; While ; While ; Unlike; On the other hand ; Instead of ; Oppose ; Prohibit


Certainly ; However ; However ; However; Gold ; It is true ; Except ; Even if ; unless ; Although ; Despite

Express the cause

Because ; Because ; given that ; Especially as; because of ; Thanks to ; Because of ; For ; following ; Came from ; To have cause ; Result of

Express the consequence

So ; Therefore ; Consequently ; That is why ; So ; So that ; In order to; So that ; So that ; Whereby ; So that; So that ; For ; In view of; Lead to ; To train; Provoke; To father; Cause

Separate / Set aside

Or ; Or or ; Or ; Either ... either; Either ... or that; On one side, on the other ; On the one hand, on the other hand ; Sometimes ... sometimes; Except that ; Except; Except ; Without; Except; Apart from


So ; Similarly; As ; As ; In the same way as ; Such as ; As well as ; According to To compare to ; To be comparable to; Looks like ; Remember, Get closer to; parallel to


In conclusion ; To conclude ; In the end; In sum; So

You can give your opinion throughout the essay, but also in the conclusion.

É write the conclusion
Just like the introduction, the conclusion is very important because they are the last sentences read by readers. It is composed of three parts.

Answer the problem
= summarize the important points that have been said without repeating them.
Give your opinion
= This can be decided or nuanced. The reader knows that everything is not all black or white, he does not necessarily expect a strong position, but arguments and examples that have allowed him to expand his thinking on the subject. Expanding the subject
= One reflection often leads to another, so you can open the same topic by pointing it to another direction.

Check the consistency of your essay.

? Make sure that the ideas are connected in a logical way.

? Make sure to eliminate repetitions of words, but also and especially ideas.

? Be careful not to contradict yourself.

Avoid clichés and phrases.

Avoid neutrality. You can be tolerant and indicate your tolerance. On the other hand, you can not be neutral and say "I do not care"; "I do not have an opinion," ...

You need help or support to prepare your DELF or your DALF, contact me to take diploma courses or to ask me a question!

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